Design-for-recycling (D4R) – State of play
In an ideal circular economy, no primary resources shall enter production processes, but only recycled material. As a precondition, products must be dismantlable and components must be recyclable. The transition towards circular economy includes the rethinking of product design to include considerations for end-of-life treatment and recyclability. As a means to steer the behaviour at the end-of-life in an early stage of the product’s life, the design phase, various initiatives have developed design-for-recycling guidelines for specific polymers and plastic applications.